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IARS 2012 Kosaka Abstract Award Finalists

Characteristics of Transient Paresthesia During Epidural Catheter Placement: The Incidence and Location of Paresthesia According to the Vertebral Level of the Puncture
A. Ogura
Mizonokuchi Hospital, Teikyo University School of Medicine
Kawasaki, Japan
Shizuoka Red Cross Hospital
Shizuoka, Japan

Drug Administration Errors During Epidural Or Spinal Anesthesia or Analgesia
Santosh Patel, MD, FRCA
The Pennine Actute NHS Trust
Rochdale, United Kingdom

Interpatient Variability in Intrathecal Drug Distribution: Cerebrospinal Fluid Pulsatile Magnitude, Frequency, Solutions Baricity, and Toxicity Risks
Ying Hsu
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

Modulation of δ Subunit-Containing GABAA Receptors By Etomidate Depends on Subunit Arrangement
S.A. Forman
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

The Inhibitory Effects of Ketamine on Substance P Receptor in U373 MG Human Astrocytoma Cells
K. Yamaguchi
Tokyo, Japan

Usefulness of Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Insertion is Dependent on the Different Clinical Experiences
Tomoko Yorozu, MD
Kyorin University School of Medicine
Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan